For six years, the Egyptian soldier carried the defeat of June 5, 1967, on his shoulders, painful by his wounds, and at the same time burdening him with the necessity of preparing for an epic crossing that would restore prestige, cross the Bar-Lev line, and advance to the depth of occupied Sinai, which began when the October War began when 2 o’clock in the afternoon of October 6, 1973.
The October War weaved together thousands of stories of heroism and sacrifice for the sake of regaining the land, which are still unfolding before new generations that did not witness battles; But it is contemporary with new concepts of peace and hostility.
The 47th anniversary of the start of the war comes in light of regional changes that are very deviating from the situation that prevailed at the outbreak of the liberation battles, those transformations that made the enemy turn into an ally while the brother becomes in the blink of an eye an enemy.
Accordingly, the celebration of the anniversary of the victory that was achieved nearly half a century ago seems to raise the question about what the enemy is and the borders of peace that include stopping the bloodshed, and at the same time neither the facts of history nor the loss of blood that fell in the wars of defeat before the victory is not lost.
During the opening of the legislative session of the Egyptian Parliament, in November 1977, the late President Anwar Sadat said, “Israel will be astonished, when you hear me now I say before you, I am ready to go to their home, to the Knesset itself.” The attendees applauded at the time out of a habit of enthusiasm for all What comes in the speeches of the presidents, but no one believed that the man really intended to go to Israel.
In his memoirs, the Minister of Foreign Affairs at the time, Ismail Fahmy, says that the president saw peace as a way to inject the blood of his sons from the soldiers.
The Egyptian President went to Israel and then the United States of America to sign the Camp David document in September 1978, which paved the way for the peace treaty, which was signed in March 1979, according to which a gradual withdrawal of Israeli forces from Sinai began, and a new phase began at the same time. In dealing with the enemy.
Just two years after the peace treaty, while Sadat was attending a military parade celebrating the 8th anniversary of the October victory in 1981, he was assassinated by a number of Egyptian army personnel. During their interrogations, they later said that the conclusion of a peace treaty with the Zionist enemy was one of the most important reasons for They kill the president.
Despite the formal peace between the two parties; However, Egyptians at the institutional and popular level have tended to place the relationship with the Zionist entity in the fridge of the dead.
A report on peace between Egypt and Israel prepared by the Washington Institute for Near East Studies released in October 2013 says that Egypt has managed its relations with Israel using a restrictive formula often referred to as “cold peace.”
Thus, during the remainder of the rule of President Sadat and then his successor Hosni Mubarak, the huge public sector in Egypt began a comprehensive boycott campaign, which was to prevent Israeli companies from winning tenders, while many unions and anti-normalization committees imposed severe restrictions on the development of bilateral relations, in addition to Media and artistic production, which continued to regard Israel as the number one enemy.
The Washington Institute report stated that efforts to expand the scope of various forms of non-military cooperation between Cairo and Tel Aviv have always failed, including the agreement signed in 2005 to export Egyptian natural gas to Israel, where the pipeline was sabotaged 14 times by Sinai Bedouins.
As for the field that has proceeded steadily on the path of normalization between the two parties, it is agriculture, in light of the rule of Youssef, the governor of the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture in the 1980s But The majority attacked him and considered it a scheme to destroy Egyptian agriculture through carcinogenic pesticides and wipe out good strains of Egyptian cotton and wheat.
In addition, Cairo signed, in December 2004, the QIZ trade agreement with the United States of America, which allows Egyptian companies that use Israeli components in manufacturing to export their products to Washington with exemption from paying customs duties.
Accelerate against Israel
At a time when Egypt took the path of peace in the 1970s, it faced categorical Arab rejection that resulted in imposing an economic boycott on it, freezing its membership in the Arab League, and moving the university’s headquarters from Cairo to Tunis.
Accordingly, for many years, Egypt has been stigmatized by the Arabs with the crime of normalization with the Zionist entity and abandoning the armed struggle, and mockery of Cairo, which abetted the wars, has become a normal occurrence in the Arab street.
And because life is always full of dramatic, strange transformations, the Arabs took the locomotive of normalization. Rather, they asserted themselves in ways that are not cynical as much as they question the belief of some in the concepts of humanity.
With peerless enthusiasm and without any shame, Arab capitals began to have no contested borders with Israel, and they did not wage a single war against it in announcing peace agreements.
Unlike Jordan, which declared peace with Israel in 1994 under circumstances that seem similar to the Egyptian approach, the United Arab Emirates announced last August that it would normalize relations with the Zionist entity.
And the matter with Abu Dhabi does not stop at the borders of diplomatic normalization, as it announced that it would extend to a wide range of areas such as tourism, education, health care, trade and security.
In scenes that raise questions about the extent to which Abu Dhabi was forced to do so, media outlets reported that Emirati citizens, including children of the Israeli flag, celebrated normalization, as well as the spread of songs on social media, rushing to go to Tel Aviv, and in conjunction with that Gulf citizens interacted with the hashtag. Palestine is not my case “on Facebook and Twitter.
The UAE followed the state of Bahrain, which seems to be the most important issue for security coordination with Israel in the face of the Iranian threat, to see the representatives of the two countries – the UAE and Bahrain – last September, exchanging congratulations in Washington with US President Donald Trump and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during the signing of what It was called the “Abraham” peace agreement.
The matter reached a point with Sudan, where the vice president of the Sudanese Transitional Sovereignty Council, Muhammad Hamdan Dagalo, said that it is in his country’s interest to establish relations with Israel, adding in a television interview, “Israel is advanced, and we want to see where is our interest.”
Egypt also changed the situation in it, during the era of the current President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, who, unlike his predecessors, did not wage a war against Israel, the past years witnessed an openness to Israel that the contemporary of the two previous eras could not imagine reaching this point.
In January 2019, Al-Sisi confirmed in an interview with the American “CBS” channel, that relations between Egypt and Israel are the most reliable since their inception between the two countries, and that there is cooperation between them in various fields.
He added that the Egyptian army is working with Israel against “terrorists” in North Sinai.
Thus, Israel, after its withdrawal from Sinai defeated in the war that took place 47 years ago, returned to it to fight with the Egyptian army the specter of extremism and terrorism, and its flag was raised in Abu Dhabi, and it began to participate in Manama in preserving its security, and it is negotiating with Khartoum over the price of normalization. Al-Qaws is open to announce during the coming period that other Arab countries are riding the locomotive of peace without will.