In the wake of the return of the President of the Sovereignty Council, Lieutenant General Abdel Fattah Al-Burhan, from Abu Dhabi yesterday, the Sudanese questioned a lot about the results that Al-Burhan and his accompanying delegation had achieved from a trip that many considered would be a prelude to extricating the country from its pain, especially the economic, especially after the news spread that its purpose The main thing is normalization with Israel, according to the desire of the host country.
Amidst the astonishment of the attendees, the head of the Sudanese Sovereignty Council, Lieutenant General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, uprooted his colleague’s rifle in the “Wadi Al-Hamar” region of the Nile State, days after the outbreak of the popular revolution in December 2018.
The occasion attended by the ousted President Omar Al-Bashir was one of its paragraphs, a competition in the accuracy of the aiming, and when the next officer failed, he pulled out the proof of his colleague’s rifle and hit the target perfectly, amid the amazement and admiration of the audience.
Al-Burhan, who was the army inspector at the time, succeeded in striking all his corrections on the target in what is known in Sudanese army traditions as “the cat’s foot”, where the shots in (the takht) converge in what resembles the feet of a cat.
This incident succeeded in diagnosing the character of Burhan, who brilliantly managed to jump from fourth place in the hierarchy of the Sudanese army; To become Commander in Chief in just two years.
The Sudanese people ask a lot these days why does the heart of al-Burhan stick to normalization with Israel? Where he suddenly met with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in Uganda last February, and recently repeated the ball, where he stayed for 3 nights in the capital of the UAE, Abu Dhabi; To achieve a search for an achievement in the file of Sudanese-American relations, it seems that the main dowry is normalization with Israel.
Normalize in the dark
Team Burhan’s contact with the file of the relationship with Israel was not interrupted by the political reprimand, which he received from the political incubator represented in the Forces of Freedom and Change after his return from the Ugandan capital Kampala last year, according to the American New York Times, the UAE’s imprint was present in the details of that visit.
The army chief invoked his soldiers at the General Command headquarters in Khartoum, where, after his meeting with Netanyahu, he informed the top generals of the results of the visit, and held a press conference in the headquarters of the General Command in which he presented a political rationale for the importance of normalization with Israel, then he opened the Sudanese airspace for transit flights from Israel, and received an airport Khartoum, an Israeli medical team tried to rescue Ambassador Najwa Qadah Al-Dam – the engineer of Al-Burhan and Netanyahu’s meeting – who was infected with Corona disease. But the Mannon hand was faster.
He whispered in Pompeo’s ear
When US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo visited Khartoum last August, he met with Sudanese Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok, who assured him that normalization is outside the jurisdiction of the transitional government.
And before he left, Pompeo met with General Burhan, and nothing was filtered about that meeting except for a brief announcement and a historical photo in which the two men gave up wearing masks during the Corona season. To show that broad smile on the faces of the two men; But those close to Burhan asserted that the mysterious general’s message was different from the one the Prime Minister spoke out about.
The road to Abu Dhabi
According to close sources, the UAE would have preferred for Lieutenant General Burhan to come with the Prime Minister with him in the first launch of the Abu Dhabi mission as a regional agent for the normalization file. But Hamdok was not enthusiastic about the idea, fearing that it would create problems for him with the political incubator.
Hamdok only informed the American side, represented by the National Security Adviser at the White House, that the negotiating delegation represented the transitional government, in its civilian and military parts.
While Burhan was eager to play the role of the leader, who makes difficult decisions, he did not care who would meet in this task, but he requested that the delegation be represented by representatives of the Council of Ministers.
The Minister of Justice, Nasr al-Din Abdel Bari, the Minister of Justice, was chosen to legalize the mission, as it is understood that it is within the framework of the legal settlement to remove Sudan from the American list of states sponsoring terrorism. The second reason is that Minister Abdel Bari, who has completed his graduate studies in the field of law in the United States, and is said to have her nationality, is closer and familiar with the file than other ministers, and Hamdok has not forgotten to assign the keeper of his secrets and the director of his office, Ali Bakhit, a role, even if limited, in this sensitive task .
In the halls of negotiations
According to American sources, the file was managed by Jared Kushner, Special Adviser to US President Donald Trump, and a number of members of the US National Security Council, and it was managed away from the US State Department, which led to a setback for the mission – according to observers – as Sudanese experts such as Donald Booth were absent. The Special Envoy for Sudan and others familiar with the Sudanese issue.
The Sudanese side adhered to the rule of actions, not words, as Sudan’s demands for approval of normalization with Israel and establishing diplomatic relations were clear and specific, which included a financial aid package in the range of $ 10 billion divided over the years of the transitional period, in addition to removing Sudan from the list of countries sponsoring terrorism.
The demands also included the restoration of the sovereign immunity of the State of Sudan through legislation from Congress in order to close the doors to any groups trying to sue Sudan in the future. Such as the group of victims of the attacks of September 11, 2001, as well as an American decision to exempt Sudan’s debts to the United States so that Sudan can re-borrow and deal with a number of US institutions. Sudan also submitted another request that Washington pledge to support Sudan in negotiating with the Paris Club, and encourage all parties in Sudan debt exemption as part of the debt forgiveness initiative for poor countries.
What’s in the US bag?
It has become clear from the first day of the negotiations that the American delegation, whose most prominent member was in charge of the Gulf file in the US National Security Council, has a limited mandate, and that its view of Sudan is very deficient, according to an informed source that the Americans thought they were dealing with a poor African country thirsty for normalization.
According to the same source, all that the Americans offered were broad lines that did not contain timetables and an annual humanitarian aid package not exceeding $ 650 million, and that the rest of the Sudan bill must be paid by the brothers, led by the UAE and Saudi Arabia.
However, according to the same source, the host country was satisfied with diplomatic expressions, “We continued to support the brothers in Sudan, and we will continue to do so in the future.”
The proof asks to sleep
One of those who said farewell to Burhan when he left Khartoum confirmed that the man was at the height of optimism and feeling the euphoria of victory But when he returned to Khartoum in the middle of the day on Wednesday, Al-Burhan requested that he go to the “guest house” so that he could rest, with a promise to discuss the harvest of the trip with the partners of the transitional government.
So far, no meeting has been held for the Security and Defense Council, which is chaired by al-Burhan, and includes the prime minister, the ministers of justice, foreign affairs, defense and interior, and all members of the Sovereignty Council.
The Security and Defense Council was the umbrella used by al-Burhan when he desires to make an emergency landing in Abdullah Hamdok’s government, while the Cabinet settled with a session that focused on Sudan’s readiness to pay compensation to the victims of the US destroyer “Cole” and the American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. But close sources confirmed that Al-Burhan met yesterday morning, Thursday, with members of the military component of the Sovereignty Council, and briefed them on the harvest of the Abu Dhabi trip, and a meeting was arranged to bring together Al-Burhan and Hamdok.
Have the desires for normalization subsided?
Although the Abu Dhabi tour was titled a fiasco; However, those who know the proof are aware that he will return to the attack, as the Trump administration is still insistent on bringing a number of Arab countries into the fold of normalization alongside the UAE and Bahrain.
Sources close to the decision-making factory in the White House suggested that the Trump administration would begin actual steps to remove Sudan from the terrorism list, even without congressional approval, which would revive Burhan’s efforts to market normalization with the Hebrew state, while Tel Aviv urged Washington to respond to Sudan’s political and economic demands until it becomes The poor country is a model that lures normalization.
Observers say that the winds favorable to normalization coincide with General Al-Burhan. The first goal of Al-Burhan will be achieved if he manages to remove Sudan from the American list of states sponsoring terrorism with an aid package that makes success ally for the transitional period.
Observers conclude that from here the history of the political proof will begin as an ally of the West, as the late Egyptian President Anwar Sadat did through the Camp David Accords. More importantly, justice in Sudan or the International Criminal Court will not dare to track the proof after the end of his rule as one of the top field leaders in Darfur ( Western Sudan) In the years of war there, this file is waved by the enemies as well as the friends of the man who fear the deception of politicians and their moods.