By winning the Nobel Prize in Literature for the year 2020, the American poet Louise Gluck became the first American woman to win the global prize in more than a quarter of a century, and the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, which awards the Nobel Prize, said that Glock was distinguished by her “distinctive poetic voice, which gives its abstract beauty a universal character. Singles. “
The Academy noted Gluck’s quest for clarity, universality, and the inspiration of the classic myths that prevail in most of its work.
The academy highlighted Gluck’s role in the themes of “Childhood and Family Life, Close Relationship with Parents and Siblings”, which it focuses on in its work.
News agencies reported the Nobel Prize Committee Chairman Anders Olson praising Glock’s poetic voice, which he described as “frank and tough,” full of humor and snappy intelligence.
The academy said in a statement, “In its poems, the soul listens to what remains of its dreams and delusions, and there can be no one who is stronger than it in facing self-delusions.”
The 2020 Nobel Prize in Literature is awarded to the American poet Louise Glück “for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal.”#NobelPrize pic.twitter.com/Wbgz5Gkv8C
— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 8, 2020
Glock has previously won several major literary awards in the United States, including the US National Humanities Medal, the Pulitzer Prize, the National Book Award, the National Book Critics Circle Award, the Bollingen Prize, among others.
From 2003 to 2004, she was called the United States poetess, often described as “the poetess of her autobiography,” and her works are known for their emotional intensity and for their frequent reliance on myth, history, or nature to reflect on personal experiences and modern life.
Born and raised in New York City, Gluck began experiencing anorexia nervosa while in high school, and later coped with the disease. Took classes at Sarah Lawrence College and Columbia University; But she did not get a degree. In addition to her career as an author, she has worked in academia as a poetry teacher at several institutions.
Glock focused her work on shedding light on aspects of trauma, desire and nature, and her poetry is known for its candid expressions of sadness and isolation. Critics have also focused on her construction of poetic characters and the relationship in her poems between autobiography and classical legend.
Gluck is a professor of English at Yale University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Glock is known for his lyrical poems with linguistic precision and strict tone, Glock’s poems rarely rhyme, and instead rely on repetition, commitment, and other techniques to build rhythm, and her poems are often inspired by personal events in her life.
While Glock’s literary works are varied in subject matter, critics say her poetry focuses on trauma. She has written throughout her career about death, loss, rejection, relationship failures, and attempts at healing. Critics consider her poems to adopt contradictory views that reflect her contradictory relationship with authority. Ethics and language.
Another of Glock’s poetic interests is nature, and in one of her poems the verses revolve in a garden where flowers have intelligent and emotional sounds.
Objectively speaking, Glock’s poetry is also known for its avoidance, and literary critic Daniel Morris says, “Glock’s writings often evade ethnic identification, religious classification, or sexual affiliation. In fact, her poetry often negates critical evaluations, which emphasize identity politics as criteria for evaluation. Literary, “she cannot only be described as an American Jewish poet, feminist, or naturalist.
Criticism of the award
The Swedish Academy announced in 2018 that it would not award the Nobel Prize for Literature this year, following accusations of sexual misconduct that led to the resignation of several members of the Academy Board.
In the same year, the ancient literary body struggled to regain its image internationally and in Sweden. After the academy members exchanged harsh criticism in the media, 7 of the 18 members resigned. For the first time in 70 years, the 2018 award was postponed, as the foundation found itself below a quorum to make major decisions.
The awarding of the Austrian writer Peter Handke, known for his support of the extreme right-wing Serbian movement since the 1990s, the Nobel Prize for Literature for the year 2019 caused widespread controversy, and Handke’s writings on the Yugoslav wars and his criticism of the NATO intervention and the air campaign against the Bosnian Serb army in August 1995 after the massacre of about 8 thousand Bosnian Muslim men and boys in Srebrenica, in sharp criticism of him.
PEN America issued an official statement at the end of last year condemning the selection of the Nobel Committee, and said that it does not comment in general on the literary awards of other institutions because they are subjective and their criteria are not uniform. However, today’s announcement of the Nobel Prize in Literature For 2019 Peter Handke is an exception.
“We reject Nobel’s decision, which celebrates the linguistic prowess of a writer as long as he questioned well-documented war crimes,” continued the statement by the non-governmental organization that advocates for literature, human rights and freedom of expression. He added that in a moment of mounting nationalism, authoritarian leadership and widespread disinformation around the world, the literary community deserves. A better choice than this.