The Supreme Council of State and the House of Representatives in Libya said that the ongoing dialogue sessions in Morocco are characterized by an atmosphere of “understanding and consensus” on the criteria for appointing to the sovereign positions, in accordance with the requirements of the Skhirat Agreement signed in 2015, while the United Nations and Germany are hosting a ministerial meeting tomorrow aimed at accelerating ceasefire efforts in Lybia.
Yesterday, the Supreme Council of State and the House of Representatives said in a joint statement after the conclusion of a session of the Bouznika talks (south of the Moroccan capital) that the meetings “are still continuing in order to reach a full consensus regarding all measures related to Article 15 of the Skhirat Agreement.”
Article 15 of the Skhirat Agreement stipulates that the House of Representatives shall consult with the State Council within 30 days of the signing of the agreement, with the aim of reaching a consensus on the occupants of the sovereign positions.
And participate in the Bouznika talks 10 members representing equally the delegations of the Supreme Council of State and the House of Representatives in Tobruk.
The new round of consultations completes what was agreed upon in Bouznika in the first round at the beginning of last September, which culminated in the announcement of the two parties on the 12th of last month that they had reached a comprehensive agreement regarding sovereign positions, and an agreement to complete the dialogue in Morocco.
Bouznika: Discussing the criteria for assuming sovereign positions
– Libya Al Ahrar Channel (@libyaalahrartv) October 3, 2020
The discussion centers on the criteria and mechanisms adopted for appointment to sovereign positions as stipulated in Article 15 of the Skhirat Agreement.
The concerned sovereign positions are: the governor of the central bank, the head of the Audit Bureau, the head of the Administrative Control Authority, the head of the anti-corruption agency, the head and members of the High Electoral Commission, the President of the Supreme Court, and the Attorney General.
These are all the disputed sovereign positions that are currently divided between western Libya, where the Government of National Accord is in Tripoli, and the east, where the Tobruk Parliament is based.
Observers believe that the two dialogue delegations may amend Article 15 of the Skhirat Agreement by adding new sovereign positions, such as the President of the National Oil Corporation, in addition to amending the second paragraph of it, which states that the appointment and exemption of those who hold sovereign positions require the approval of two-thirds of the members of Parliament, and this is impossible in light of Failure to heal the divided council.
Due to the great division in Libya between its east and west, most of the sovereign institutions – if not all – have become divided, and two heads, and one of the goals of the Bouznika talks is to unify these institutions.
The mechanism agreed upon between the two delegations of the Supreme Council and the House of Representatives is based on the distribution of positions between the three regions (Tripoli, Cyrenaica and Fezzan), so that no two important positions meet in one region, but the biggest obstacle to the Bouznika meetings is agreeing on specific names to assume the sovereign positions. The issue may be postponed for further rounds.
Last month, the head of the Libyan Presidency Council, Fayez al-Sarraj, expressed his sincere desire to hand over his duties to the next executive authority, no later than the end of October, provided that the dialogue committee has completed its work.
On the other hand, the United Nations and Germany will host tomorrow a ministerial meeting through visual communication technology, in which many countries will participate to accelerate efforts to achieve a ceasefire between the two parties to the conflict in Libya.
Gunter Sutter, Germany’s assistant representative to the United Nations, said – in a press statement on Friday – that Monday’s meeting is a follow-up to the Berlin conference that was held on January 19.
The Berlin conference approved 55 points that constitute a roadmap to bring peace to Libya, including respecting the arms embargo imposed on it since the fall of the Muammar Gaddafi regime, stopping foreign military support for the two parties to the conflict, and pushing them to agree to a permanent ceasefire.
Sutter added that Germany will demand in the ministerial meeting the renewal of the commitments made at the beginning of the year, especially their implementation. All countries that attended the Berlin summit, in addition to the countries of the region, will participate in the Berlin meeting, but without the participation of the parties to the conflict.
Since 2011, Libya – rich in oil – has been suffering from political and security turmoil and an armed struggle for power, the severity of which has been exacerbated by the support of regional and international forces for the Government of National Accord in Tripoli and the retired Major General Khalifa Haftar.