The deadline for expelling mercenaries from Libya set by the Joint Libyan Military Committee (5 + 5) ends without implementing the provisions of the ceasefire agreement signed in Geneva, Switzerland; This raises questions about the effects of the mercenaries’ failure to leave the Libyan lands and their repercussions on the efforts of the authorities in Tripoli to impose stability.
The Libyan Joint Military Committee, with the support of the United Nations, agreed on October 23 to compel mercenaries and foreign forces to leave the Libyan territories within 3 months, to return local forces to their military barracks, to clear mines, and to exchange prisoners between the two parties.
The movements of mercenaries from the Russian “Wagner” company in support of the retired Major General Khalifa Haftar continue after the latter’s help in the war on the capital, Tripoli in April 2019, to topple the internationally recognized Government of National Accord, in addition to the presence of mercenaries from the Janjaweed and Chadians alongside Haftar’s forces.
The US network, CNN, confirmed in a report that the trench built by the Russian Wagner Company raises doubts that foreign fighters will not withdraw from Libya by tomorrow, Saturday, as the trench extends tens of kilometers south from the populated coastal areas around Sirte towards the main stronghold. At Al-Jufra base controlled by “Wagner”.
Operation “Volcano of Fury” – affiliated to the Government of National Accord – published pictures showing an intense flight of MiG-29s over the Jufra region (central Libya), indicating that these warplanes were in charge of protecting Russian cargo planes transporting mercenaries from the Janjaweed from the city of Sirte. To Al-Jufra base, where these movements oppose the joint military committee agreement.
The mercenaries of the “Wagner” company are stationed at the Al-Jufra air base and Al-Qardabiya military base in the city of Sirte on the Mediterranean, off the European shores, in addition to its presence in the regions of the south, east and central Libya, near oil fields and ports.
Tasks and stress
The Russian security company “Wagner” is owned by the businessman Yevgeny Prigozhin, who is close to Russian President Vladimir Putin. The Russian security company has been known to carry out tasks that Moscow does not want to officially adopt, and its role in annexing the Crimean peninsula, and engaging in clashes in eastern Ukraine alongside the separatists, in addition to To the military intervention in Syria, and to support separatist movements in African countries.
In the context of external pressure, the United States and the governments of France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom demanded – in a joint statement – to support a ceasefire, the exit of mercenaries from Libya, and an end to the intervention that undermines the aspirations of the Libyans to restore their sovereignty.
The UN Security Council is scheduled to hold a meeting on Libya on January 28, after stumbling to issue a resolution to support the work of the United Nations Mission in Libya in sending international observers to Libya to remove mercenaries from the country in coordination with the Libyan Joint Military Committee.
Britain is preparing a draft resolution that will be presented to the UN Security Council at the scheduled meeting to expand the functions of the United Nations mission in Libya, to include overseeing the ceasefire, and monitoring the withdrawal of foreign forces and mercenaries from Libya.
The head of the United Nations Mission in Libya Stephanie Williams said – in a previous statement – that the number of mercenaries in Libya has reached about 20,000 people, noting that there are 10 foreign military bases in Libya.
Refused to settle
The spokesman for the “Sirte Al-Jufra” operations room in the Government of Accord Al-Hadi Daraa considered that the United Nations bears responsibility for the failure to implement the ceasefire agreement, stressing that the survival of the mercenaries indicates that Haftar does not want the stability and security of the region.
Darrah added to Al-Jazeera Net, “Let’s talk clearly; the United Nations sponsored the ceasefire agreement and was unable, through the UN Security Council, to force the Russian mercenaries, Janjaweed and Chadians who support Haftar to leave the Libyan lands.”
Drah said that the ceasefire agreement signed between the members of the Libyan Joint Military Committee is clear and explicit, and refers to the withdrawal of mercenaries, the removal of mines, then the opening of the coastal road, and the return of the forces to their military barracks.
Drah confirmed that the United Nations and representatives of major countries did not provide any guarantees that Haftar would not use mercenaries again in the war if the coastal road was opened and the forces returned to their military barracks.
Dara pointed out that the “Sirte Al-Jufra” operations room informed the United Nations of the ability of the Libyan experts in the reconciliation government forces to clear mines if they obtained the full maps of the mines that the mercenaries planted in the civilian neighborhoods, the coastal road and vital installations, and in order to achieve the public interest, it conceded the other party’s implementation of this condition. In agreement.
Initiative and calm down
A member of the Supreme Council of State in Al-Qasim Dabras considered that the Government of National Accord forces initiated the calm and the cease-fire, and did not continue their advance towards Sirte despite the ability to do so in order to inject blood, and neither the UN mission nor the Joint Libyan Military Committee completed any clause in the agreement.
The head of the Security Committee of the Supreme Council of State told Al-Jazeera Net, “The experience with the criminal Haftar has taught us that he does not have a covenant or a charter, and he does not own the matter of himself.
Debars stated that Haftar is practicing his habit of lying to everyone, in light of the continuing increase in the number of mercenaries who roam the south and east of Libya without any clear and concrete international action against the presence of foreign mercenaries in Libya.
Debars considered that the continued presence of Russian mercenaries with their advanced weapons in Libya is a great danger to the future of the political process in the country, in addition to the fact that the future success of any political process depends on the cessation of the unlimited external support provided to the coup Haftar and his followers.
Dabers explained that the reports indicated that the order of Russian and African mercenaries came out of Haftar’s hand and moved to his allies, and that he was no longer able to end the presence of mercenaries. For being a tool driven by external parties as their interests tend.
The director of the Astrolabe Center for Studies, Abdul Salam Al-Rajhi, confirmed that Russia would block any agreement for the United Nations-backed (5 + 5) Joint Military Committee that affects the Russian “Wagner” mercenary project.
Al-Rajhi stated that Russia was able to achieve a foothold through a military presence in Libya, as Moscow is currently seeking to take advantage of the ceasefire process to further strengthen its position in Libya by creating the appropriate infrastructure in the Libyan camps in which the mercenaries of “Wagner” are stationed. To achieve a permanent presence in Libya and North Africa off European shores.
In his statement to Al-Jazeera Net, Al-Rajhi believes that the real problem lies in the Russian military presence, which will last for years in light of the permanent ceasefire and the absence of a clear UN plan to remove Russian mercenaries and their weapons from Libyan lands.