The Mediterranean Sea reclaims the name “Aruj Reis” with the frequency of every wave crossing its turbulent coasts. The Ottoman sailor returned to the warm waters to raise the ire of the “Allies” after they neared the emptiness of sharing the energy cake stored in the depths of the water.
The name of the Turkish ship appeared at the heart of the tension sweeping the eastern Mediterranean for the first time on July 25, when it moved from the port of Antalya to explore for oil and gas.
The Turkish dispute with Greece and its allies, specifically Egypt and (Greek) Cyprus, reached the extent of the ship’s arrival to the disputed exploration area on the tenth of last August, before Ankara “breathed” the balloon of congestion by withdrawing the ship from the excavation sites on September 14th. .
Yesterday, Wednesday, Turkey officially announced the return of its ship “Aruj Reis” to resume exploration tasks in the eastern Mediterranean again, confirming that the search mission will continue for a month this time and end on November 9th.
These tasks and the Greek and European reactions associated with them have transformed the name “Aruj Reis” into a title for the Turkish presence in the eastern Mediterranean, as the names carry messages with connotations in the world of politics in general, as some countries throughout history have directed messages to their counterparts through personalities or places Or events bearing significant names for both countries.
The same applies strongly to Turkey, whose people are known for their close connection with the country’s history and ancestors, and this is evident in Ankara’s choice of the names of its military operations and its products from the defense and technological industries and even in the areas of tourist attractions and urban projects.
And recently, Oruj Reis, “Oruç President” or “President Aruj”, led the world’s talk when Turkey sent it to conduct a seismic survey and conduct research in the eastern Mediterranean, which turned into a scene of tension and disagreement between Ankara and Athens, and indeed Europe as a whole. Who is “Aruj Reis” and what is the story of the ship that Carried his name?
Sea of commerce and fighting
Turkish historical references indicate that “Uruj Reis” was one of the sailors who were active in the Turkish fleets in the Mediterranean in the 15th century AD.
Rayes (Aruj Reis), the brother of the Ottoman seafarer Khair al-Din Pasha, known in the Arab world as Khair al-Din Barbarossa, was born in 1474 on the Greek island of Lesbos, which was cut off to his father Vardari Yacoub Agha as a reward for his role in the invasion of the island in 1462.
According to the sources, Reyes excelled in piloting ships and practicing maritime trade since he was a young man, and he owned his own ship in an early period of his youth, so he started using it in trade and transporting goods to Syria and the coasts of Alexandria in Egypt and Tripoli in Libya, then he also returned with the goods to Anatolia.
Melih Duzgan, a retired professor of Ottoman history from the Turkish Cukurova University Melih, says that the transformation began after the Rhodes Island fleet intercepted one of the “Aruj Reis” cruises to Tripoli and clashed with it, so Aruj lost his brother, Elias Reyes, who died in the confrontation and Aruj was captured for 3 years after he worked. Captain in the Mameluk Navy.
In the face of the Europeans
Duzgan indicated that Reis did not remain in the service of the Mamluks Navy for a long time, as he quickly became commander of the fleet of 18 major ships that the Turkish prince Korkut gifted him, before losing them all in a surprise raid on the shores of Rhodes.
He explained to Al-Jazeera Net that Reis succeeded after losing his fleet by obtaining two large ships from Prince Korkut, with which he quickly crossed the Mediterranean, and established his emirate that followed the Ottomans in Algeria.
Reese succeeded in preserving the lands he controlled in Algeria and responded to the Spanish fleet sent by King Sharlken, but he was seriously wounded during the siege of Bejaia in Algeria and his healers had to cut his left arm from the elbow.
Reyes’ injury did not lose his enthusiasm for fighting, so he returned with one hand to launch sea raids on European fleets in the Mediterranean as soon as he recovered, and seized a large number of ships. And he remained in this condition until he died in the city of Tlemcen, Algeria, in 1518.
Duzgan returned, stressing that Reyes and his brothers, led by Khair al-Din, were an ever-present address for the Turkish sailors in the Mediterranean, explaining that these sailors continued to compete with the European fleets for the goods and trade of the Mediterranean and that they had often succeeded in controlling its ports and sea routes that lead to its northern shores. And southern.
On the other hand, the Turkish Anadolu Agency reported that Reyes was also able to transport thousands of Andalusian Muslims to North Africa and protect Moroccan Muslims from the oppression of the Spaniards.
It reported that a memorial had been erected for him in the Algerian state of Ain Temouchent, and the curtain was unveiled on the fiftieth anniversary of his death.
The evolving ship
As for the “Aruj Reis” ship, construction work began in the Istanbul basins in 2012 for the benefit of the General Research and Exploration Department, and it officially entered service on March 28, 2015, and headed for its first exploration mission in the Mediterranean in April 2017.
According to the data of the Turkish General Research and Exploration Department, which owns the ship, its length is 87 meters and its width is 23 meters, and it has previously carried out exploration operations using seismic wave techniques in the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea.
The crew of the locally manufactured ship is 90% 55 people, including 24 sailors and 31 researchers and administrators, and it is one of 6 multi-mission research ships in the world, and contains a home-made submersible vehicle that is managed remotely.
“Aruj Reyes” can carry out three-dimensional seismic surveys up to 8 thousand meters deep and two-dimensional ones at a depth of 15 thousand meters. Its activities include searching for oil and natural gas and mining, exploring the continuity of land areas under the sea, seismic research, tsunami surveys, and selecting sites. Ports, platforms, submarine cables and pipelines, and detection of sea pollution and climate change.