The Tigray People’s Liberation Front in northern Ethiopia launched a missile attack on the city of Bahir Dar (capital of the Amhara region) without causing damage, while Washington held the front responsible for the military escalation in the country.
This missile attack is the second of its kind, targeting the city of Bahr Dar within a week.
The federal government headed by Abi Ahmed had resumed its military advance towards the Tigray region after a truce that lasted 3 days to surrender the front, and confirmed its success in seizing new cities in the region, and that it now imposes a cordon on the region from the west, east and south.
A federal government statement accused the Tigray Front of carrying out “brutal acts in locations such as Mecadra, which represent serious crimes, whether under Ethiopian law or international law.”
On the other hand, the leader of the “Popular Front for the Liberation of Tigray” said that his forces were still in control of the strategic town of “Axum”; But it lost the town of “Shire” to the government forces, who are seeking to advance towards “Mikkeli”, the provincial capital.
According to observers, the conflict in the region has killed hundreds, perhaps thousands, and prompted more than 30,000 people to seek refuge in neighboring Sudan.
Ethiopia is a federation from a group of regions administered by different ethnicities, and the war is between the central government and one of the most heavily armed regions. The Tigray People’s Liberation Front effectively ruled Ethiopia for decades as the largest force in the multi-ethnic alliance, until Abiy Ahmed assumed power two years ago.
For its part, the US State Department held the Popular Front for the Liberation of Tigrayans responsible for the escalation in the troubled region.
In a press statement, Thursday, Tibor Nag, Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, called on the conflicting parties in Ethiopia to put an immediate end to the tension, cease hostilities, and return to peace in the Tigray region.
He said that the front command claimed responsibility for launching missiles at Bahr Dar and Gondar airports (northern Ethiopia) on November 13, and the attack that took place on the 14th of the same month in Eritrea.
Anthony Blinken, the advisor to the US President-elect Joe Biden, urged, in a tweet on Twitter, to end the fighting and protect civilians in the Tigray region (northern Ethiopia), and said, “We are extremely concerned about the humanitarian crisis in Ethiopia and reports of targeted ethnic violence and the danger surrounding peace.” And security in the region. “
For his part, the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres, on Thursday, defended the Director-General of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, implicitly denying his accusations of supporting the rebellion in the Ethiopian Tigray region.
Earlier, on Thursday, the Ethiopian army chief, Burhan Gula, accused, in a press conference, his fellow countryman, the Director of the World Health Organization, of assisting the Tigrayan authorities in obtaining weapons, without providing any evidence for his allegations, according to the Associated Press reported. Press).
In response, Stephane Dujarric, a spokesperson for the UN Secretary-General, said Guterres held the utmost respect for Dr. Tedros, who is a civil, international and exemplary employee.
On 4 November, armed confrontations began between the Ethiopian army and the Tigray People’s Liberation Front in the region.
Oromo is the largest ethnicity in Ethiopia with 34.9% of the population, which is about 108 million people, while Tigray is the third largest with 7.3%.
The front, which complains of the marginalization of the federal authorities, split from the ruling coalition, and challenged Abiy Ahmed to hold regional elections last September, which the government considered illegal, in light of a federal decision to postpone the elections due to the Corona pandemic.