We listen to many exaggerations about vaccines during pregnancy and lactation, and the possibility of deformation of the fetus, but the truth is that all the recommended vaccinations during pregnancy are safe at all stages, with global recommendations to protect the health of the mother and the child, so you do not need to worry about them, because you share with your child during pregnancy The first prevention steps, by keeping up with vaccinations before and during pregnancy, in order to protect him from some diseases during the first few months after birth.
The vaccines given before pregnancy may also help protect you from dangerous diseases during pregnancy, including rubella, which can cause miscarriages and birth defects, so the pre-pregnancy period is a unique opportunity to find your vaccination records and review them with your doctor.
Vaccines are safe before pregnancy
1- The influenza vaccine
Changes in immune, heart and lung function during pregnancy weaken your body’s resistance to a strain of influenza, and having the flu increases the chances of serious problems for the fetus, including early labor and difficult labor.
Get the flu shot during the flu season, from late August to March, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises you to vaccinate by the end of October, to protect you before flu activity begins to increase. If you are pregnant, ask for inactivated influenza vaccine Not the neighborhood.
2- Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists evaluate a woman’s immunity before she becomes pregnant; Therefore, you should review your vaccination record with your doctor and determine whether you have sufficient doses of the MMR vaccine.
If you do not find your vaccination record, a blood test can be taken to assess your immunity, give you an immune booster shot, and then wait 4 weeks before trying to conceive.
3- Human papillomavirus vaccine
The papillomavirus vaccine is recommended for adolescent girls and young women up to the age of 26, but it may be effective even if the woman takes her dose when she is 45 years old.
This vaccine helps prevent new HPV infections and associated diseases, including cervical cancer. Although the HPV vaccine has not been recommended during pregnancy, and it is necessary to think about it before planning a pregnancy, delaying getting it even after pregnancy does not harm you or the fetus.
Vaccines are safe during pregnancy
1- The improved quadruple vaccine against tetanus
You should get the quadruple vaccine against tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough and polio between week 27 and 36 of pregnancy, preferably during the first part of that period; Your body creates protective antibodies and transmits some to your baby before birth.
These antibodies will provide your child with some protection early after his birth, especially as it threatens the lives of newborns due to their weak immunity, and it is difficult to diagnose in the early years, because many children with this disease do not cough at all, but stop breathing and turn blue.
2- Hepatitis B.
When you plan to receive antenatal care, you will undergo a series of routine blood tests, including one to check for hepatitis B virus infection, especially since childbirth is one of the ways of transmitting the disease.
You must ensure a record of the vaccinations you received as a child, and if the tests prove that you are free of the disease, you can ask your doctor about the vaccine, but if you are sure that you have it, you can protect your child by ensuring he is vaccinated within an hour of birth.
Vaccines after childbirth and breastfeeding
1- If your doctor tells you during pregnancy that you do not have immunity to rubella, measles, or chickenpox, you should receive these vaccinations to help protect yourself and your baby.
2- If you were not vaccinated with influenza virus during pregnancy, you must receive your dose before leaving the hospital after giving birth.
3- If you did not receive a tetanus and pertussis quadruple vaccine, a dose should be taken before you are discharged from the hospital, even if you received an immune booster dose during pregnancy.
4- If a series of three HPV vaccinations began before pregnancy, it can be completed after birth.
5- Breastfeeding is not a contraindication to vaccination, except for yellow fever and smallpox vaccines.