In Egypt, the voting process began in the elections for the House of Representatives, amid the almost complete absence of the opposition, and the elections are held in two phases, the first being organized on Saturday and Sunday in 14 governorates, including Giza and Alexandria, and the second on the 7 and 8 of November in 13 governorates, including the capital, Cairo.
About 63 million voters, out of a population of 100 million people in Egypt, were invited to vote in these elections, to choose 568 out of 596 members in the House of Representatives, with Sisi appointing the remaining representatives.
More than 4,000 candidates are competing in the elections for 284 of the 568 seats in the individual system. Eight lists are competing for the 284 seats on the party list system.
The low turnout in the Senate elections earlier this year led the authorities to threaten to impose a fine on those who did not vote, as the number of non-participants in the Senate elections was estimated at more than 50 million citizens out of more than 60 million eligible to vote.
Many members of the outgoing parliament are running again in elections in which several political parties participate with no real weight.
The majority of the deputies were supporters of President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in the outgoing parliament, and it contained only a small opposition bloc known as the 25/30.
The previous parliament was elected at the end of 2015, a year after Sisi took office, in a polling process that lasted a month and a half, and in the almost complete absence of the opposition.
The participation rate was low (28%) in those elections, in contrast to the atmosphere of enthusiasm that prevailed in the 2012 elections that were organized after the ouster of Mubarak on February 11, 2011, in which the Islamists won by a large percentage.
And in March 2018, Sisi was re-elected for a second term with more than 97% of the vote (official statistic) in elections from which the real competitors were excluded or preferred to leave.