Colds are a common health problem during the fall and winter seasons, so how can you confront them?
The Secretary-General of the German Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery Professor Thomas Dittmer says that the common cold is an infection caused by viruses, indicating that there are about 200 different viruses that cause colds, and they can spread more easily when the weather is cold.
These viruses cause swelling of the mucous membranes in the nose and increased secretions, as well as throat infections and difficulty swallowing, and the larynx and bronchi are also affected, with coughing.
Treat the symptoms, not the etiology
Dietmer pointed out that there is no cure for cold causes in reality, but all that can be done is against the symptoms, such as decongestant and runny nose drops, and some medications. And a person with a cold must drink liquids at a rate of at least 1.5 liters
But a person should not take medicines without consulting a doctor, especially at this time, that is, with the Corona epidemic, as he may have a corona and not a cold, and there are drugs that may exacerbate Covid-19 when taken.
When to see a doctor?
A doctor should be visited when a temperature rises (more than 39 degrees), if medicines cannot reduce fever, or in case of sinusitis, or when pus or blood appears in mucus.
A doctor should also be visited for pregnant and lactating women, and for those suffering from cardiovascular or respiratory diseases, and when suspected otitis media or pneumonia.
Also, you should call the emergency number in your country for Covid-19 patients, or visit the doctor if you suspect infection with the Coronavirus or its symptoms appear, including fever, fatigue, dry cough, loss of smell, headache and sore throat.
To see the detailed symptoms of Coronavirus, click here.
Sanitary measures help prevent colds; Where should be maintained adequate distance with others and wash hands frequently and thoroughly, and avoid touching the face, and good indoor ventilation.
It is also beneficial to receive vaccinations against influenza and pneumococcal vaccine to avoid complications.
Source : German + Al Jazeera + websites