In the Arab region, Asia and Africa, military coups are still a tool to gain power, enabling armies to continue to influence the political and even economic landscapes.
The following are military coups that changed the political course in 10 countries:
Myanmar .. The army returns to the palace
On the evening of January 31, 2021, there were reports that the army had seized power in Myanmar and had arrested the elected leader Aung San Sochi.
In the early morning hours of the next day, the army explicitly declared that the chief of staff had assumed command of the country, and declared a state of emergency for a year.
He justified his assumption of power by the fact that the legislative elections that were held a few months ago witnessed widespread fraud in favor of the ruling party.
The occurrence of the coup caused a shock in the country, as roads leading to its main international airport were closed, and communications were cut off, so that the country returned to its isolation only a decade after leaving it.
Finance .. Revolution and election and revolution
Chief Financial Officer Ibrahim Abu Bakr Keita was ousted in August 2019 after months of protests and a political crisis in the West African country.
The international community condemned the operation. But the sanctions were lifted on the fifth of last October, after the air force officer and politician Bah Ndaw formed a transitional government, pledging to hand over power within 18 months.
The August 18 coup was the second that this troubled Sahel country has witnessed in nearly eight years.
In 2012, soldiers led by Captain Amadou Sanogo overthrew and arrested President Amadou Toumani Toure, resulting in the north of the country falling into the hands of armed Islamist groups linked to Al Qaeda.
Sudan .. Al-Bashir’s comrades send him to prison
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir’s years in power at the hands of the army ended in April 2019 after a popular uprising sparked by a three-fold increase in the price of bread.
More than 250 people were killed in the protests, according to the opposition. A transitional council comprising both military and civilians was formed in August 2019, and a civilian prime minister was appointed the following month.
Al-Bashir is currently in prison in Khartoum, and he appears from time to time before the judiciary, where he is tried on many charges.
Zimbabwe … the departure that Mugabe had never imagined
In 2017, Robert Mugabe was removed from the presidency of Zimbabwe after leading the country with an iron fist over the 37 years since its independence.
He was overthrown by the military and members of his party, the Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), to be replaced by former Vice President Emerson Mnangagwa.
Mugabe died two years later in Singapore, at the age of 95.
Burkina Faso .. Revolution, then Coup
Less than a year after the fall of President Blaise Compaore following a popular uprising, his successor, Michel Cavando, was overthrown in a coup led by the Presidential Guard in 2015.
Less than a week later, however, Kavando was back in power after the coup leaders failed to muster support for their action.
Thailand .. The Last Revolution
The military seized power in 2014 after months of protests against the elected government headed by Yinglock Shenawat.
It is noteworthy that Shenawat is the sister of former Prime Minister Thaksin Shenawat, who was also removed from power in the 2006 coup.
Egypt .. the army assassinates the revolution and democracy
In 2013, the Egyptian army overthrew the first democratically elected president in Islamist Egypt, Mohamed Morsi.
The coup came after demonstrations against his rule, which lasted for a year.
Lieutenant General Abdel Fattah El-Sisi took power and carried out a bloody campaign against his opponents, which is still ongoing.
Guinea-Bissau … assassination and a coup
Forces led by General Antonio Andjay ousted interim President Raymondo Brera and former Prime Minister Carlos Gómez Jr. between the two presidential elections in 2012.
It was the second coup in the previous Portuguese colony in 3 years.
It is noteworthy that Brera assumed the presidency after the army assassinated his predecessor Gao Bernardo Vieira, just hours after the army chief of staff was killed during his term.
Niger … a coup and an electoral process
A military coup overthrew President Mamadou Tanga in 2010, months after he had been dissolved by parliament, in an attempt to seize power.
It is scheduled to hold in Niger at a later time, a final round of presidential elections, likely fair.