On Saturday, Iran affirmed its willingness to move forward without adhering to the nuclear agreement if the rest of the parties did not respect their commitment, while Washington warned against provocation and stressed that it is working with its allies to counter Tehran’s influence.
Iranian Assistant Foreign Minister Abbas Araghchi said that Tehran had completely lost confidence in America and the Europeans regarding the implementation of their commitments and promises.
“We are ready to go without the nuclear deal if others want that,” Araghchi added.
At the same time, he said, “We are waiting to see how the new American president corrects Trump’s mistakes.”
For her part, a spokeswoman for the US National Security Council, Emily Horne, said that “the threats coming” from Iran are rejected, and that she strongly condemns what she described as the provocative actions.
In statements to Al-Jazeera, Horn stated that her country will continue to work with its friends and partners “to counter Iran’s malign influence,” as she put it.
In the same context, Axios reported that the US National Security Adviser is discussing by phone with his Israeli counterpart the Iranian file.
Iran had reminded US President Joe Biden of what it considered requirements to save the nuclear deal, namely the “unconditional” lifting of the sanctions it was targeting and not seeking to “extract concessions” from it.
Just two days after Joe Biden assumed office, Iranian Foreign Minister Muhammad Javad Zarif published an article in the US magazine “Foreign Affairs” about his country’s view of how to save the agreement, which has become a threat since the United States withdrew unilaterally in 2018.
“The new US government can still salvage the agreement, but this will only happen if it is able to provide real political will in Washington that allows to show that the United States is ready to be a reliable partner in a collective endeavor,” Zarif said in his article.
“The new government in Washington must make a basic choice. It can adopt the failed policies of (former President Donald) Trump’s administration and continue down the path of contempt for international cooperation and law … or Biden should choose a better path by ending the failed maximum pressure policy adopted by Trump and returning to the agreement that was adopted,” he added. Abandoned by his predecessor. “
In this case, he added, “Iran will, in turn, return to the full implementation of its obligations contained in the nuclear agreement,” but “if Washington insists on extracting concessions, this opportunity will be lost.”
Guarantees and bonuses
It is noteworthy that Iran, China, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Russia and Germany signed a comprehensive joint action plan in Vienna in 2015 to settle the nuclear file.
The agreement included Iran easing the international sanctions imposed on it in exchange for significantly reducing its nuclear program, and providing guarantees that it did not intend to develop a nuclear bomb.
But former US President Donald Trump withdrew from the accord in 2018 and reimposed harsh sanctions on Tehran.
Joe Biden considered his predecessor’s policy towards Iran a failure, and expressed his intention to return his country to the agreement.
However, he stipulated that Iran should return to its obligations, at a time when the latter demands that the United States first lift all sanctions that target it and that it honor all its commitments.