With its celebration last Saturday of the inauguration of the military frigate “Istanbul” and its launching to the sea, and the start of the process of welding the third military ship being manufactured for Pakistan, Turkey has launched a new phase of building its naval military force, which it has come to rely on in resolving many files.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said during the launch ceremony that Turkey has become one of the 10 countries that manufacture their warships on their own, and that it has achieved 75% self-reliance in the field of building frigates and warships.
The contemporary Turkish navy inherited the reputation of its Ottoman predecessor, whose boats and fleets were the masters of the seas, and resolved the tours and water battles with the fleets of Europe, but besides all of that, it inherited the burdens of losing the world war and the victory of the allies who bound Turkey to the republic with agreements that weighed it down before returning to rise with the rise of modern Turkey industrially, technologically and militarily. .
Founding and building
The Turkish Naval Force (TDK) was established in 1081 as part of the Turkish Armed Forces by the sailor, Shakay Bey, who was the first Turkish sailor to start working on the formation of this force in Izmir.
After the signing of the Mudanya Armistice Agreement in 1922, the first headquarters of the Turkish Naval Forces Command was inaugurated in the Qasim Pasha region on November 14 of the same year, where it began its duties in repairing and maintaining ships affected by the battles of the First World War.
In 1923, the Turkish Navy established the first military base in the Izmit Strait in the Sea of Marmara to the east of Istanbul after the signing of the famous Lausanne Agreement that imposed on the Turkish Inland Sea standards of navigation in international seas, and attached to the base the headquarters of the naval command and a center for research and development of military navigation, before establishing a headquarters New to drive in Izmir after the War of Independence.
In September 1924, that is, just one year after the establishment of the Turkish Republic, the first Turkish ship called the “Hamidiye Cruiser” sailed into the Black Sea with the founder of the republic Mustafa Kemal Ataturk on board.
Modernization and development
The successive laws and administrative regulations governing the work of the Turkish Navy, which continued to take the headquarters of the General Staff as its headquarters from 1929 until 1949, when it established its headquarters in the capital, Ankara, from which it is still managed today.
The Turkish force’s accession to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1952 represented a quantum leap in terms of its structure, qualification, performance of its staff, and upgrading of its efficiency by developing its equipment and training the human sector working in it, to keep pace with the standards in force in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
To meet the growing and growing needs of the Navy, its leadership in 1961 restructured its institution into 4 main sectors:
1- Naval leadership.
2- Northern Sea Region Command.
3- Southern Sea Region Command.
4- Naval Training Command.
The Turkish army worked to prepare the navy to respond to urgent combat missions with the emergence of the Cyprus crisis in the 1960s, and priority was given to rehabilitating airstrips and building ships and amphibious vehicles necessary for that.
The Operations Command also developed plans to supply ships’ tanks with fuel away from Turkish shores, which qualified the Navy to successfully complete the famous amphibious landing operation in Cyprus and the declaration of the establishment of the Republic of Northern Cyprus in 1974.
Industrialization and the New Testament
The decade of the eighties of the last century witnessed a continuation in the rise of the work of the Turkish Navy with the development of the activity of the “Gulchuk” water basin, which witnessed in that decade the production of the “Moon” submarine, which weighed a thousand tons, in addition to the frigate (Fateh-242), and the “Exaz” base was established Between the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.
The growth of the Turkish Navy and its performance continued at a steady pace until the beginning of the second millennium, which witnessed a revolution in its development programs and its armament projects with the arrival of the Justice and Development Party to power in Turkey.
Over the past few years, Turkey has witnessed a quantum leap in the activity of its naval forces in terms of manufacturing boats and ships and bringing them into service, and at the level of military activity, especially during the recent eastern Mediterranean crisis.
And after the decree of November 9, 2016 related to the transformation of the government system to the presidential system, the Turkish naval forces were placed under the leadership of the General Staff of the Ministry of National Defense, so that they received direct instructions from the President of the Republic who carries out the tasks of the Turkish Prime Minister, after the military councils that were neutralized Guardianship of the system of government has been exercised in Turkey for nearly a century.
A major force
The Turkish Navy is the third force in the Turkish army after the land and air forces, and it currently includes 149 naval vessels, including 16 frigates, 12 submarines, 10 corvettes, 35 boats, 11 minesweepers, 33 landing ships, amphibious attack and multi-mission auxiliary ships.
The Turkish Navy takes its headquarters from the capital, Ankara, and is commanded today by Admiral Adnan Ozbay, and it manages its activities through 10 ports and major marine stations, and 48,600 personnel are employed by fighters, sailors, logistical and administrative workers, while 75 multi-mission aircraft are working for the force.
Turkey ranks 20th in the world in terms of naval power, while the rankings put its army at the forefront of armies in the Middle East, 11th in the world, and second at the level of NATO after the United States of America.
Turkish military officials say that their country produces more than 70% of its defense and military needs today, after it was producing less than 20% of them in 2002, in an effort to achieve self-sufficiency with the advent of the centenary of the establishment of the republic in 2023.
During the last 18 years, the number of companies operating in the field of Turkish defense production increased from 56 to 1,500 companies contributing to 700 defense industrial projects worth $ 60 billion to achieve its plan to raise the value of its military exports to $ 10 billion.
The aircraft carrier “TGGi Anatolia” is one of the most important products of the Turkish military industry, as it was built with 100% national capabilities to give the Turkish Navy an important boost in the operational and maritime support dimension.
The Turkish aircraft carrier is 231 meters long, 32 meters wide, and weighs 27,000 tons with a full payload. Its payload will consist of anti-submarine helicopters and other ATAC C129s manufactured entirely in Turkey.
The construction of the ship also allows jet fighters to take off within short runways, and is equipped with anti-aircraft missile defense systems and an advanced naval defense system to protect it from water torpedoes.
The production of this submarine is of particular importance for its role in meeting the needs of the Turkish Navy for aircraft carriers, which is the most important weakness that the Navy was facing.
As for the advanced Turkish “Berry Rais” submarine, it entered service at the end of 2019 as part of a giant project to supply the Turkish Navy with 6 advanced, highly armed and technological submarines with 100% local capabilities.