The delegations of the Libyan Dialogue in the Moroccan city of Bouznika announced that the second round of the dialogue culminated in reaching comprehensive understandings regarding the criteria for selecting leadership positions for the sovereign institutions that it determines. Article 15 of the political agreement signed in Skhirat in 2015, and that they put the understandings that were agreed upon at the request of the institutions of the Supreme Council of the State and the House of Representatives in Tobruk for ratification.
During the conclusion of the second round of the dialogue – which was hosted by the Moroccan city of Bouznika and was attended by Moroccan Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita – the two parties exchanged the minutes of the understandings that were reached.
Article 15 indicates in its first paragraph that “The House of Representatives consults with the State Council (…) to reach consensus on the occupants of the leadership positions of the following sovereign positions: Governor of the Central Bank of Libya, President of the Audit Bureau, Head of the Administrative Control Authority, Head of the Anti-Corruption Agency, and President And members of the High Commission for Elections, the President of the Supreme Court, and the Attorney General. “
The second paragraph states that “following the implementation of the first paragraph of this article, the appointment and exemption of the occupants of the leading positions for the sovereign positions indicated in the previous paragraph requires the approval of two-thirds of the members of the House of Representatives.
Given the great division in Libya between its east and west, most of these sovereign institutions – if not all – have become divided and headed.
Among the other non-sovereign institutions that could be subject to the same appointment mechanisms: the National Oil Corporation and the Libyan Investment Corporation, given their economic and financial weight, and frenzied competition over them.
The need for international support
Idris Omran, a member of the House of Representatives delegation meeting in Tobruk, during his final statement on behalf of the two participating delegations, called on the international community to support the negotiation process in Bouznika.
Imran announced the two parties’ intention to continue their consultative meetings in Morocco to coordinate the work of the executive and oversight institutions to ensure the end of the transitional phase.
For his part, Bourita said that his country will soon await the return of the Libyan parties to it to complete the direct dialogue between them.
He stressed that the vision of King Mohammed VI of Morocco is to provide unconditional support to all Libyans, wherever they are, to end the division and achieve stability in Libya.
The first round of talks in Bouznika was held at the beginning of last September at the initiative of the Kingdom of Morocco, which hosted peace talks in Skhirat in 2015 under the auspices of the United Nations, during which the parties to the conflict reached a political agreement in which the Government of National Accord was formed.
A balance to build on
The statement considered that what was reached during the two rounds of dialogue in Bouznika “constitutes an asset that can be built upon to bring the country to stability and end the state of institutional division,” noting that the political process in Libya “is still waiting for clear and real support from the international community.”
Libya has been witnessing violence and power struggle since the fall of Muammar Gaddafi’s regime in 2011, and it is competing for power in the country, the Government of National Accord recognized by the United Nations and based in the west in Tripoli, and a government in the east emanating from an elected parliament represented by retired Major General Khalifa Haftar.
Last August, the two sides suddenly announced a ceasefire, and in early September “consultations” between Libyans in Montreux, Switzerland, paved the way for new progress to be recorded by reaching an agreement on organizing elections within 18 months.
Negotiations also began in Egypt between military representatives from both sides at the end of last September, paving the way for a permanent ceasefire.
The acting UN envoy to Libya Stephanie Williams said on Monday that the United Nations is now preparing for a “series of meetings and consultations” to facilitate the resumption of talks with the aim of reaching a “comprehensive political agreement.”