Between rare astronomical phenomena, ambitious space missions and international conferences that include the most prominent global experts, writer Audrey Dufour sheds light in this report published by the French newspaper “La Croix”, the light on the most important scientific events expected in 2021.
January and February 2021
The author says that one of the most prominent events expected in the month of January is the visit that a team of international experts is supposed to pay to China in order to carry out additional studies on the origin of the virus that has killed more than 1.8 million people around the world.
A year ago, on January 1, 2020, the Wuhan market, which is believed to be the first epicenter of the spread of the epidemic, was closed. On January 11, the Chinese authorities reported the first new death from the virus.
During the month of February, 3 spacecraft are expected to arrive on Mars, which are the Emirati “Probe of Hope”, the “Chinese Tian Win-1” and “March 2020” the US. The Emirati mission aims to carry out exploratory missions in the orbit of the Red Planet, while the Chinese and American probes will land on Mars.
March and April 2021
The author emphasized that France is expected to witness the first clinical trials of medical cannabis in March. These trials will include 3 thousand seriously ill patients, who will take the drug in the form of liquids or capsules.
Although the date of the flight has not yet been determined, the author indicated that the Frenchman Thomas Pesci is expected to make his second trip to space next April, and this will be the second mission as well for the American “SpaceX” spacecraft. The French astronaut carried out his first mission in 2016 aboard the Russian Soyuz spacecraft.
April 12 also marks the 60th anniversary of the Russian space mission “Vostok 1, on which the first human being, the Russian Yuri Gagarin, was sent to space.” In April 1971, the Russians were also the first to establish a space station in orbit around the Earth, a station Salyut 1.
A total lunar eclipse is expected in late May and can be seen with the naked eye in Southeast Asia and the Western Hemisphere. In the northeastern United States, all eyes will be on the emergence of periodic cicadas, which are insects that spend between 13 and 17 years underground, before appearing in the form of swarms for a few weeks and then disappearing again.
For fans of astronomical phenomena, June will be an occasion to take a trip to the far north to witness an annular eclipse, where the sun hides behind the moon at the beginning of its birth and forms a bright ring. This phenomenon can be seen in Greenland and Northern Canada on June 10.
From July to September
Next July 27, the 100th anniversary of the discovery of insulin by a team of researchers at the University of Toronto, Canada. The author stresses that there is still a lot to do to combat diabetes, as WHO data indicates that the number of patients has increased dramatically in the last period, and premature death rates due to this chronic disease increased by 5% between 2000 and 2016.
And next September, Russia is expected to send a “British unit” to its part of the International Space Station. The 4-ton unit has been designed to expand the station with the aim of hosting more spacecraft.
On the other hand, the “Green Peace Organization” celebrates its 40th anniversary. In September 1971, about 15 peace activists and environmentalists sailed to the small island of Amchitka off the coast of Alaska to denounce the US nuclear tests that were taking place there, and the march of this non-governmental organization, which has more than 55 offices around the world, took off.
From October to the end of the year
Next October, the “International Expo” is expected to be held in Dubai, after it was postponed last year due to the Corona crisis. In the same month, the James Webb Space Telescope is scheduled to launch on board an Ariane 5 rocket, to replace the Hubble telescope.
The author adds that the United Nations Climate Change Conference 2021 will be held in Glasgow, United Kingdom, from 1 to 12 November, if health conditions permit.
It is expected – according to the author – that the conference, which has been postponed from 2020, will witness discussion of challenges and international commitments regarding climate protection in light of negative indications about achieving the goals set at the Paris Conference in 2016. In France, for example, 2020 was the warmest year since 1900. .
On the fourth of next December, a total solar eclipse is expected in Antarctica. In the same month, the 120th edition of the Nobel Prizes will be distributed, and the author believes that they will be given to experts and researchers who have participated in the fight against the “Covid-19” epidemic.