26/1/2021–|Last updated: 1/26/202105:39 PM (Makkah)
Russia and Iran called for salvaging the Iranian nuclear agreement concluded in 2015, and stressed that America’s return to the agreement is necessary for Iran to respect its obligations stipulated in it, and Tehran threatened to suspend the implementation of the additional protocol for the IAEA monitoring Iran’s nuclear activities on February 21 if it does not comply The rest of the parties made their pledges.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said today, Tuesday, during talks with his Iranian counterpart, Mohammad Javad Zarif, in Moscow that saving the nuclear deal “is one of the most pressing issues during the current period.”
Lavrov stressed that all parties participating in the Iran nuclear deal, without exception, must return to the agreement, and the matter is related to America, Russia, China, France, Germany and Britain.
For his part, the Iranian foreign minister praised Russia’s support for Iran with regard to the nuclear agreement after America’s withdrawal in 2018.
He called for preserving the unity of the situation between Moscow and Tehran in order to save the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (the nuclear deal) from the risks and fears that resulted in the wake of the US withdrawal from the agreement.
US President Joe Biden had revived hopes of a possible salvation of the nuclear agreement, as he stated that he wanted the United States to return the agreement, but that he pre-requisites Tehran’s respect of its obligations.
The agreement provided for easing sanctions on Iran in exchange for Tehran to limit its nuclear ambitions and guarantees that it would not seek to acquire a nuclear bomb. However, the agreement suffered a severe blow after the withdrawal of US President Donald Trump from it in May 2018, and his request from officials to re-impose strict sanctions on Tehran within The policy of “maximum pressure” pursued by his administration to compel Iran to negotiate a new agreement that includes its nuclear and missile program.
Since 2019, Iran has stopped respecting the majority of its obligations under this agreement, stressing at the same time that the goals of its nuclear program are civilian only.
In a related context, the French presidency said today that Iran must stop “any” provocation, and return to respecting its obligations in the nuclear agreement.
An advisor at the Elysee Palace said during a meeting with the French Diplomatic Press Association, “If they (the Iranians) are serious about negotiations, and if they want all parties concerned to abide by the agreement, they must first refrain from other provocations, and secondly they respect what (Iran) has ceased to respect, namely its obligations.” .
Earlier, Iranian government spokesman Ali Rabiei announced that his country would suspend the implementation of the additional protocol for the IAEA’s control of Iran’s nuclear activities on February 21 if the rest of the parties failed to abide by their pledges.
Rabiei added that America’s opportunity to return to the nuclear agreement and implement its obligations has become limited, and said that “dialogue with the United States is not currently on the table, and we had no contact with the Biden administration, and any development in the negotiation file depends on the implementation of International Resolution No. 2231, which is a council resolution International security that approved the concluded nuclear agreement.
He stressed that Tehran is awaiting the announcement of Washington’s official positions on how to return to the nuclear agreement and lift the sanctions imposed on his country, adding, “We hope that Washington will take practical measures to enhance confidence and show goodwill.”
The special additional protocol is part of the countries ’relationship with the International Atomic Energy Agency, not just Iran, and it is separate from the Iranian nuclear agreement. The states sign the protocol voluntarily and voluntarily and is not binding, unlike the laws of the International Atomic Energy Agency. The protocol provides a mechanism for sudden inspection of some nuclear sites after Notify states of this relatively shortly before.