Many people frighten scorpions because of their frightening appearance and venomous sting, but some keep them at home as a pet.
In this report, the Russian website Top Cafe reviews a number of interesting facts about this animal, which is one of the oldest creatures on the planet.
Ancestors of scorpions
The ancestors of scorpions appeared on Earth about 400 million years ago, and they lived in water, and were classified from crustaceans, and called sea scorpions, and researchers have found fossil footprints of the ancestors of modern scorpions in large numbers in Europe and Asia.
The modern name for scorpions is derived from the ancient Greek word “Scorpius”. And in Russia this name was referring to a snake.
Pharaonic gods “Sircat”
Scorpions were known in ancient Egypt, and some pharaonic drawings show the goddess Sarkat (the goddess of scorpion), a female whose head is crowned by a scorpion whose tail is facing upward.
More than 1700 species
Despite their external appearance that resembles insects to a large extent, scorpions belong to the arachnid class, and scorpions have 4 pairs of legs, and the two front ends form pliers with which to capture their prey, and this is one of the most prominent similarities between them and the spider.
Scientists count more than 1,700 species of scorpions living on all continents of the world except Antarctica.
On the mother’s back
Young scorpions spend the first week after birth on their mother’s back to survive, due to the ability of the mother’s body to control the level of humidity. After shedding their skin for the first time, young scorpions leave the mother’s back to live independently.
The imperial scorpion – which reaches a length of 20 cm – is considered the largest species of scorpions, while the length of the smallest scorpions does not exceed 9 Millimeters.
Scorpions have special rituals when mating, where the male walks with the female, and takes care of her for several hours, before he takes out his sperm wallet that the female receives in the lower abdomen, and after mating, the female devours the male if he does not find an opportunity to escape.
From 6 to 12 eyes
Scorpions have a well-developed sense of eyesight, and the number of eyes varies from 6 to 12 depending on the species.
Do scorpions drink water?
This animal, which often lives in the desert and among the rocks, spends most of its life alone, and can live two years without food. It is not true that scorpions do not drink water as many believe, but they do drink in small quantities.
During the moulting process, some types of scorpions can glow in the dark, and scorpions generally glow under UV rays. Scientists did not know precisely the cause of this phenomenon.
Scorpions move so fast that they can be difficult to photograph in motion. Scientists discovered that some types of scorpions can move at speeds of up to 20 kilometers per hour.
Between Europe and Africa
Most of the scorpion species that live in Europe are small, which does not exceed 4 centimeters in length. And in Africa, specifically in the north of the continent, we find one of the most dangerous types of scorpions, which is known as the Arab fleshy-tailed scorpion.
Scorpions feed on insects, cockroaches, rodents, and lizards, and in some cases, scorpions eat human flesh.
Despite their painful sting, not all types of scorpions are poisonous. The yellow Palestine scorpion, which lives in the Middle East and North Africa, is the most toxic of all scorpion species.
And because scorpions do not require much care, many keep them in their homes in small water pools, especially the yellow Palestine scorpion, but keeping a scorpion of this type requires a lot of caution due to its aggressive behavior and venom.