The repercussions of the normalization agreements concluded between Arab countries and Israel are still heard by the team that rejected them. After Bahrain and Sudan joined the Emirates, media reports spoke of Iraq possibly being the next country, indicating that it is under regional and Western pressures in this regard.
Perhaps one of the most prominent data in this field is for the United States to impose conditions for withdrawing its forces from Iraq in exchange for establishing declared relations with Tel Aviv, as well as the “New Levantine Countries Project” between (Iraq, Egypt and Jordan), which was mentioned by Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi in a previous interview with a newspaper. The Washington Post (WASHINGTON POST) criticized it by some, fearing that the project would be a first step towards moving towards the signing of permanent peace agreements with Israel.
The new idea of Bilad al-Sham, in its simple concept, is a revival of the unified Arab market. Oil-rich Iraq supplies Jordan and Egypt with their needs through a crude pipeline extending from Basra to the Jordanian port of Aqaba and then to Egypt, and it may be completed from Egypt to Asia and Europe, and in return, Egypt and Jordan will extend Iraq. With electricity through connection projects, parallel to all of this is to promote labor mobility, and to build joint economic projects, industrial cities, and free zones.
A member of the Islamic Dawa Party, Jassim Muhammad Jaafar, said in his interview with Al-Jazeera Net, that in order not to be counted on one axis without another, it is trying to find a site outside the Iranian or Saudi-American axes, and therefore he resorts to forming another axis that lives in a state of stability and a good relationship with the two mentioned axes.
In his speech to Al-Jazeera Net, Jaafar believes that the deteriorating economic situation in Jordan and Egypt will exhaust Iraq, which is experiencing a stifling economic crisis. Therefore, the new Sham Axis between “Baghdad, Cairo and Amman” has developed into economic and commercial relations that will not be in the interest of Iraq, because it is a project based on laying the pipelines. Oil to Aqaba and to Egypt, and this will cost Iraq a heavy price. It is believed that the attempts of Egypt and Jordan to push Iraq into normalization agreements with Israel are far from reality, because Baghdad’s interest if it wants to enter into an agreement or the peace process is to obtain great concessions, foremost of which is the development of the economy.
The official Iraqi position on these agreements was expressed by Prime Minister Mustafa Al-Kazemi, who confirmed earlier that the UAE’s normalization with Israel is a decision that concerns it, and everyone should avoid interfering in this as an internal matter.
Regarding the possibility of whether this position represents government approval for Iraq to enter into normalization agreements, political analyst Abdul Rahman al-Jubouri says in an interview with Al-Jazeera Net that the Iraqi constitution prohibits establishing relations and entering into peace agreements with Israel, since Baghdad is committed to the decisions of the Arab League.
Al-Jubouri asserts that Iraq’s position is moral towards the Palestinian cause, as it supports the rights of the Palestinian people to determine their own destiny, and rejects any diplomatic rapprochement or the establishment of a relationship with Tel Aviv.
Last August, the Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced the opening of what it called a virtual embassy in Iraq, stressing that Baghdad deserves to enjoy stability after suffering from external interference.
A new Middle East
And because the so-called New Levant Project, according to which Iraq needs a large energy sector based on huge investment, the countries joining it, “Jordan and Egypt”, can help Mesopotamia, but there is a team that believes that this project may draw the features of a new Middle East that is not led by Israel, but rather is It has a huge economic partner due to the commercial potential it enjoys, as Iraqi politician Mithal Al-Alusi says.
Al-Alusi added in an interview with Al-Jazeera Net, that Israel has a distinct economic and commercial system, but he believes that peace is the language of the era that exists in the three religions descended from the descendants of the Prophet Abraham, and that is why the recent normalization agreement with the UAE was called the “Abraham Agreement,” but it cannot be normalization. Israel with a small country is a benchmark for true peace, without Iraq, which is the main axis in the region.
Al-Alusi confirms in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net that “peace will inevitably come because his concepts and ideas are considered an Iraqi need, and this is what Al-Kazemi discussed in his recent European tour, as well as that these concepts were presented to previous Iraqi delegations that visited Europe and America.”
On the other hand, the leader of the Salvation and Development Front, Atheel Al-Nujaifi, believes that annexing Iraq to peace agreements is an attempt to bring it into a new cycle of violence.
Al-Nujaifi confirms in his speech to Al-Jazeera Net that Al-Kazemi’s position is not strong at home to take a strategic step like the new Levant project, because it may add an acute crisis to its internal crises, and he believes that the inclusion of Iraq in the normalization agenda would be a service for the Iranian axis and its allies in adopting its opposition, especially since normalization It does not have any immediate or future gains for Iraq.
Iraq suffers from political chaos and internal crises due to the stormy economic problem caused by the deterioration of oil prices, which are all factors that make Iraq not ready to join the ranks of the typists, according to Imad Bajlan, a member of the Kurdistan Democratic Party led by Masoud Barzani.
In his interview with Al-Jazeera Net, Bajlan says that the normalization of Iraq with Israel depends on many factors in the region, the most prominent of which is the development of relations between Iran and America on the one hand, and Israel and Syria on the other hand, indicating that changing these relations will cast a shadow over changing Iraq’s official position on the race for normalization that The region is witnessing it at this stage.