On Saturday, a ceremony was held in Juba, the capital of the state of South Sudan, to celebrate the final signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Sudanese government and the Revolutionary Front, which represents a group of armed movements, to end the conflict in Sudan.
The signing ceremony took place in Juba in the presence of officials, heads of state and regional and Arab governments, as well as representatives of the African Union and the United Nations.
Al-Jazeera correspondent in Juba, Haitham Awit, said that the agreement comes after a year-long negotiating round in Juba, which was punctuated by many obstacles and obstacles, but the Sudanese parties were able to overcome them and reach the final signature that paves the way for a new stage for the Sudanese state.
And he indicated that this agreement addresses the roots of the Sudanese crisis through 6 protocols that have resolved many issues, including the security arrangement clause whereby the forces of these movements are involved by integrating into the Sudanese military establishment, and the national issues clause, including issues of identity, citizenship and public freedoms.
There is also a special provision here for the displaced and refugees who were displaced by past wars according to new arrangements, including compensation and return to the areas from which they were displaced, as well as the transitional justice clause and other important items.
Initiative and thanks
The First Vice President of the Sovereignty Council in Sudan, Lieutenant General Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo, expressed his thanks to the State of Qatar for its initiative in the peace agreement between the Sudanese government and the Revolutionary Front factions signed today in Juba, calling on Doha to continue supporting Sudan.
Dagalo announced that Qatar is preparing to open 10 villages for the return of the displaced in the Darfur region, and that it will also offer bids to establish 50 villages during the coming period, and he considered that this represents a great addition to the people of Darfur.
For his part, a member of the Southern Mediation Committee and its official spokesperson, Dhayu Matouk, stressed the need to provide the large resources necessary to implement the terms of the agreement for the return of displaced persons and refugees, compensation for those affected by wars and conflicts, security arrangements and reconstruction.
He stressed that the inexpensive start is the return of the leaders of the armed struggle movements, which requires arrangements from the transitional government of Sudan.
He revealed an initiative by the State of South Sudan – the state sponsor of the Juba Platform for the Comprehensive Sudan Peace Negotiations – to hold an international donor conference, in order to provide the necessary resources to bridge the gap in Sudan’s resources to implement the agreement and its requirements, and to support the government to successfully pass the first ten years of the transitional period.
An end to the suffering
The governor of the state of Jazira in Sudan, Abdullah Idris Al-Kinin, confirmed that the signing of the peace agreement in Juba will put an end to the suffering of the Sudanese people in refugee and displacement camps, and open a new page that ends the wars that have drained the country’s resources, strained budgets, lost lives, disrupted development, halted growth and development, and delayed the country.
He called for concerted efforts, joint work and the promotion of the nation’s interest to overcome the challenges and pitfalls facing peacebuilding, expressing his thanks, appreciation and praise of the State of South Sudan and the mediation team for their wise leadership of the peace talks that lasted more than a year, and their eagerness to reach a lasting and satisfactory peace for all.
On Friday, a tripartite meeting was held at the Presidential Palace in the city of Juba, which included the President of the State of South Sudan, Lieutenant General Salva Kiir Mayardit, the Prime Minister Abdullah Hamdok, and the Chairman of the SPLM-North Commander Abdulaziz Al-Hilu.
The participants in the meeting discussed the development of the peace process between the transitional government and the SPLM-North, which would lead to the return of the talks between them, and it was emphasized that completing a just and comprehensive peace in Sudan is a fateful matter for the states of Sudan and South Sudan, in a way that serves the political and economic stability of the peoples of the two countries.