Awareness of indigenous issues is increasing around the world, yet only a few still regard with respect and appreciation the wealth of knowledge of indigenous peoples, many of whose cultures have been wiped out or destroyed in their entirety, including their languages and sciences since the era of geographical explorations and the colonization of the “New World” in the Americas and Australia.
While historians treat with a mixture of admiration and appreciation the four voyages of the Italian Christopher Columbus across the Atlantic Ocean as an exploration work that opened the new world and led to the European colonization of the Americas since the end of the 15th century; The atrocities that accompanied this exploration, such as his enslavement of the natives in his pursuit of gold, and his brutal subjugation of the Taíno, are not highlighted; Resulting in their extinction, including the loss of an enormous cultural heritage of indigenous knowledge.
At the present time, most of the peoples of the earth have melted into the crucible of modern civilization, which almost makes all human beings carbon copies that are indistinguishable, but some ethnic groups in different parts of the world are still swimming against the current.
In this report, the American “brightside” website monitors a number of those ethnic groups and peoples whose members are few left, but still live isolated from the rest of societies, and are trying to withstand modern civilization and preserve their traditions and customs inherited for generations.
Aleuts are the indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands in the Pacific Ocean. Most of them live in Alaska, and some in the Kamchatka Krai, a Russian federation.
In 2018, there were 6,700 people in Alaska, and fewer than 500 in Russia.
Their native language is on the verge of disappearing, as today only 150 people know it, while most of the population now speaks Russian and English.
Aleuts live in small settlements and settlements, and their main food is fish.
2. The people of Atacama
The Atacama people are the indigenous people of the northern part of Chile and Argentina, and they mainly live in the Andes of the Atacama Desert, which is the driest desert on earth.
According to the 2010 Argentine census, about 13,000 people reported that they were from the Atacama people, while their population in Chile is about 30,000.
Historically, the Atacama people spoke a language known as “Konza”, but it completely disappeared in the mid-20th century, and today this ethnic group speaks only Spanish.
3. Shaw Badawi
The Badawi people live in Indonesia, specifically in the mountains of Benten Province on the island of Java, and today there are about 26 thousand people, and they lead a very isolated life, and this is likely linked to their religious beliefs.
This tribe has many strange taboos, as it is forbidden for them to eat at night, use transportation, grow rice, wear perfume, or even touch money.
The Bororo people live in Brazil and Bolivia, and today fewer than 2,000 people remain.
The Bororo call themselves “urarimogudo,” and their language is “poe wadaro”, but most of them speak Portuguese.
The rate of literacy in the tribe does not exceed 30%, and most of the population works in the cultivation of corn, cassava (cassava) and rice.
The unique feature of this ethnic group is that all of its members have the same blood type.
The Vodi people live in Russia and Estonia, and are close to disappearing, with fewer than 100 people remaining today.
A number of ethnographers noted that Vodi women were remarkably beautiful with their snow-white or golden hair and blue eyes.
6. The Samaritans
The Samaritans are an ethnic-religious group distinguished by their rich history, and in an earlier period their number witnessed a remarkable decline, and by the 20th century there were only 146 people left of them.
Nevertheless, the Samaritans managed to survive, and in order not to be assimilated into the Jewish community, Israel transferred them in 1954 to the city of Holon, and today they number about 800.
This ethnic group has a special calendar, but it shares some traditions and eating habits with the Jews.
Samaritanism is the smallest religious sect in the world, based on the summit of Mount Gerizim or Mount Tur in the Palestinian city of Nablus, and its members believe that they are the true descendants of the people of the Children of Israel.
The Samaritans do not prefer to engage in political work, and distance themselves from the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, and say that they believe in peace, and see that without the establishment of a Palestinian state alongside the Israeli state, there will be no peace, affirming that the Palestinian people have the right to have their freedom similar to the rest of the peoples of the world. .
The Samaritans consider themselves an integral part of the Palestinian people, and refuse to call them Jews. The late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat granted them a seat in the Palestinian parliament in 1996.
And being a minority sect, they were granted the Israeli identity without giving up their Palestinian identity or nationality, which was stipulated by the occupation at the beginning, but they refused that, and some of them also hold Jordanian citizenship.
The Samaritans were not spared from the harassment of the Israeli occupation for them, as it divides their residential area (Mount Gerizim) according to the Oslo Accords (A, B, and C), and the Israeli tourism authorities close the high area of Mount Gerizim, the “castle of the world”, to which they perform pilgrimages and perform their religious rituals and rituals. There, the occupation authorities have been excavating antiquities there for decades, seeking to erase what confirms the sanctity of Mount Gerizim for the children of Israel and not the city of Jerusalem.
The Moorish are the indigenous people of the Chatham Islands in New Zealand, and the last of this ethnic group is believed to have died in 1933, while the remaining few are descended from mixed marriages.
The Moorish people still adhere to their culture, language and traditions, and according to the latest census, this minority numbers only 800 people worldwide.
It is likely that the Muroori are a branch of the Maori tribes, who are the indigenous people of New Zealand, because they share the language and traditions, but this group has some taboos in wars and battles.
8. The people of Simang
The Simang people lived in Thailand and Malaysia, and were known for their nomadic lifestyle and their constant travels, before settling in during the 20th century.
Today, the number of simang does not exceed 5,000 people, and their lives depend on the division of roles at work between men and women, with men going hunting and women cooking.
The Hadza are an ethnic group living in Tanzania. Its number does not exceed 1,300 people, and they have their own language, but their origins are still not clearly known.
And the Hadza people depend for their food mainly on hunting, and they use bows and arrows that are attached to bearings of stone or iron.
Source : Al-Jazeera + the American press + websites