Today, Tuesday, the names of the recipients of the Arab Scientific Society Organization Prize for the year 2020, which is devoted to the environment, were announced at a ceremony held in Doha, coinciding with the tenth anniversary of the founding of the organization.
The Ministry of Agricultural Wealth, Fisheries and Water Resources in the Sultanate of Oman won first place in the category of institutions, for its vital project on industrial coral reefs, its role in the balance of the marine environment in a number of coastal cities in the Sultanate, and the material revenues it achieved following the recovery of fish wealth, and also raising tourism and project incomes Marine entertainment, whose fan base is expanding continuously.
Artificial reefs are known as models that are designed and manufactured from environmentally friendly materials, in the form of various models that correspond to the depths and marine organisms, and are lowered to the sea floor, especially in areas where there is no natural coral reef.
While the Palestinian researcher Salah Al-Sadi from Palestine won the first place for the individual category, for his vital project in the Gaza Strip, which specializes in drinking water treatment and irrigation with green technology, which is a vital project that imposes itself in the besieged sector for years, and is more realistic and responsive to the needs of the population, given the limited resources in Gaza.
Green technology means relying on safe environmental sources, extracted from plants, animals and natural resources, to obtain energy from environmentally friendly sources that do not lead to harm, rather than specifically fuel and the emissions that affect the climate.
The jury consisted of experts in the field from 6 different Arab countries, from Tunisia, Yemen, Algeria, Syria, Morocco and Qatar, and it was assigned the role of evaluating the participating works on sound scientific grounds, and nominating the most compatible with the emerging needs of environmental protection and the development of biological environments.
Researchers from different specializations and professions representing 13 Arab countries participated in this year’s edition, which was devoted by the organization to environmental projects, and most of the competing projects, which amounted to 90 projects, were concentrated in the areas of agriculture, livestock and marine growth, environmental cleanliness and pollution reduction, water treatment, and energy saving. Green technologies, recycling projects, and protecting biodiversity.
The President of the Arab Scientific Society Organization, Moza al-Rabban, noted – in a speech delivered on her behalf – the importance of the award in stimulating scientific and research energies in the Arab world, considering that environmental challenges are constantly accelerating, and solutions must be devised that address them, by supporting the efforts of researchers, whether they are Individuals or institutions.
Al-Rabban, a Qatari scientist with a PhD in theoretical atomic physics, whose name was associated with the Scientific Society Organization, which was one of its founders 10 years ago, said that there are ideas in the Arab region that need to be crystallized in an institutional framework, and that they are able to contribute to stopping environmental bleeding and achieving Development in a sustainable and safe framework, on the Arab and international levels.
What unites these projects is that they provided innovative ideas to preserve natural resources, improve air, water and soil quality, treat pollution and support projects, and provide insights on the environmental challenges that Arab countries will face in the future.
A member of the Advisory Committee of the Arab Scientific Society, Ahmed Abdullah, believes that the motive for announcing this award is the desire to encourage innovation in sustainable and successful projects and to provide practical solutions to many environmental problems in the Arab region, in an actual translation of the organization’s philosophy and values, which support each project. A civilization based on the localization of knowledge and knowledge, while ensuring that the Arabic language is the language of science and technology.
He told Al-Jazeera Net that the organization’s activities aim to encourage joint Arab action and create specialized Arab scientific links and networks capable of contributing to the creation of an infrastructure for the Arab scientific community. By virtue of the fact that it has a network of relationships with many Arab experts in a number of fields and disciplines, it cooperates in a manner. Continuing to develop plans and strategies to face Arab challenges with an Arab vision.
During the past two decades, environmental work has evolved in the Arab region, to include various institutional and legislative aspects, as well as developing environmental strategies and action plans, increasing community awareness, and moving towards joining more international agreements.
The role of civil society has also increased in this regard, through the development of more efficient regulatory frameworks, although the role of non-governmental organizations remains weak, due to the dispersion of their efforts and the complexity of their activities.
A number of researchers believe that there is no way to develop innovation and research in the environmental field except within institutional frameworks that provide the necessary funding, given the challenges facing the world, the Arab region, and developing countries in particular.
As the world faces changes in climate, the decline of the ozone layer, the loss of biological diversity, and the decline of natural resources, a number of governmental and non-governmental organizations and environmental activists in the Arab region have raised the alarm of the exacerbation of the effects of all this in the future, especially in light of what they are experiencing from High population growth rates, accelerated urbanization, and weak investment in environmentally friendly alternatives.
In light of this situation, the costs of environmental degradation are emerging in the Arab region, due to the unsustainable use of natural resources, as the World Bank estimates the annual cost of environmental degradation between 4% and 9% of GDP in some Arab countries.
To this day, the governments of the Arab region have not succeeded in reducing this bleeding through clear and effective policies, as the bulk of the budgets allocated for environmental purposes does not exceed 1% of the gross domestic product, in addition to that, the existing environmental institutions have not granted any real support or missions Legislation is strong, which limits its ability to be more effective.