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Why did not Turkey welcome the ceasefire agreement in Libya?

Voices were raised welcoming the ceasefire between the two parties to the conflict in Libya, but Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan – who strongly supported the forces of the National Accord Government – had a different opinion, so what are the reasons for not welcoming this agreement, describing it as having weak credibility, “and the days will show the extent of his steadfastness “?

Erdogan said that the agreement was reached at the level of delegates, one of which represents the retired Major General Khalifa Haftar, and the other is a military commander from Misrata representing the Government of National Accord, pointing out that it is not an agreement at the highest level, and he hopes that this decision will be adhered to the ceasefire.

The two parties to the Libyan conflict signed at the United Nations headquarters in Geneva yesterday, Friday, the permanent agreement for a ceasefire throughout the Libyan territories, which was reached in the context of the negotiations of the Joint Military Committee “5 + 5”.

Turkish doubts

The leader of the Justice and Development Party Birol Demir mentioned that Ankara is monitoring field developments in Libya after the signing of the ceasefire agreement, and it will begin to speak more strongly about exporting a position that adopts the removal of retired Major General Khalifa Haftar from the Libyan scene in the coming period.

Demir confirmed to Al-Jazeera Net that there are attempts to weaken the Turkish influence in the equation on the Libyan arena, and that there are parties such as the UAE, Egypt and France seeking to do so “not only in Libya but also in the brown continent,” as he put it.

He pointed out that there is a ceasefire agreement, but there are no solutions to the main issues that constitute the real struggle for power in the country.

The leader of the Justice and Development Party pointed out that the biggest question mark lies in how to hold elections in countries ruled by tribes, as approximately 91 tribes in the country seek to control each other.

Demir asks about the issue of foreign fighters in the country, which is very problematic. Will all foreign forces involved in the conflict in Libya withdraw? How will that be? Will the Russian mercenaries “Wagner” return to Moscow? Will the UAE and Egypt withdraw the mercenaries they collected in Libya within 3 months?

Erdogan (right) meets Fayez al-Sarraj in Istanbul (Al-Jazeera-Archive)

Fate of the conventions

For his part, the journalist close to the Turkish government, Yassin Govanc, said that the Turkish concern stems from the fate of the security agreement concluded by Turkey with the Sarraj government, because one of the terms of yesterday’s agreement stipulates “the suspension of military agreements concluded by the parties to the conflict in Libya.”

He added that the concern also extends to the nature of the future US position in Libya after the dust settles in the elections, which may apply to the gas agreement later, as it is an agreement by one Libyan party without the other.

“After all that Turkey has presented in Libya, it is unacceptable to bypass it in any arrangements, and Turkey is a regional country that has imposed itself in the international equation,” Govanc told Al-Jazeera Net.

It is believed that the ceasefire agreement in Libya was not at the level of Turkey’s aspirations, especially as it was not based on – what the Turkish presidency described earlier – the return of the front lines in Libya in 2015, which calls for the withdrawal of Haftar’s forces from the city of Sirte, overlooking the Mediterranean. , Which is the gateway to the oil fields in the east, as well as its withdrawal from Al-Jufra Air Base.

The Turkish journalist pointed out that the agreement did not include the exclusion of Khalifa Haftar from the next political scene in Libya, and this makes the UAE, Egypt and France strongly present in the Libyan scene, after these countries suffered field losses recently in central and western Libya.

Ports and oil

In this context, “Khabar Turk” newspaper reported that the issue in which problems are expected to erupt after the ceasefire agreement was concluded is the sharing of oil revenues. How to share it, and who will control and protect wells and ports is still a mystery.

According to the journalist, the central bank is still under the control of the Al-Wefaq government, while it was agreed to transfer Libya’s oil revenues from abroad, which had been frozen for 11 years.

She explained that, under the current circumstances, the oil wells are in the hands of Haftar and his militias, and there is no response to this point regarding how to manage this matter.

The newspaper stressed that the reconciliation government should not be dispersed due to the recent intense diplomatic movement, and for this reason, Turkey needs to make a clear decision regarding what is going on.

All these military steps come before the holding of political dialogue sessions in Tunisia under the auspices of the United Nations in which the Libyan political parties will sit at the negotiating table to define important paths related to holding democratic elections in Libya, forming a unified military institution, and ending foreign interference in the country.

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