After long labor that took a full 6 months since the committee of constitutional expert Ahmed Laarraba was tasked with reviewing the election law in Algeria, the Council of Ministers headed by President Abdel Majid Tebboune approved the draft of the draft on Sunday.
Its official issuance is expected within a few days, by a presidential order to vacate the dissolved parliament on February 18.
What can be seen from the presidential statement is that the final version exceeded some of the controversial provisions in the preliminary draft, on top of which is the requirement to obtain a threshold of 4% of the results of the last election, with regard to the participation of parties, according to what the President’s directives suggest that the signatures requirement must be observed for free candidates and formations Political.
On the other hand, the Council of Ministers confirmed the open list system and abandoned the women’s quota system in parliament, contenting itself with the adoption of parity in nominations.
However, what President Tebboune ordered is reviewing the age requirement for young people to run for candidacy, and raising their share in the electoral lists by half, provided that the percentage of university youth is within one-third of the total list.
The law guarantees public authorities financing of free youth lists in party competition.
The presidential statement indicated that Tebboune stressed once again that money should be kept out of the electoral process in all its stages, an embodiment of the principle of equal opportunities and fortunes among the candidates.
He also stressed the purification of political life from impurities by blocking all attempts in the face of manipulations enshrined in the previous election law, according to the source.
The Council of Ministers indicated that the new administrative division in the distribution of parliamentary seats was taken into consideration, pending the Ministry of Interior to ensure that the electoral districts and the number of seats to be filled are determined.
It is noteworthy that the process is taking place under the full supervision of an independent authority whose functioning and functioning are controlled by another special law.
At a time, the independent forces of the movement are still indifferent to the electoral process, as previously reported by Al-Jazeera Net, the partisan reactions varied between welcome and apprehension and the requirement of a comprehensive dialogue before going to the parliamentary elections.
The National Liberation Front, which holds the majority in the dissolved parliament, appreciated the approved law, stressing that it “would set new rules for the electoral process in Algeria, in light of the administration’s exclusion completely from the elections.”
His media spokesperson, Mohamed Ammari, explained that the law will encourage the new generation to run in the elections, after changing the rules of competition, but rather confirmed that fraud has become almost impossible with the procedures of the “independent authority”.
He said in a statement to Al-Jazeera Net that his party is looking forward to a different legislative council from its predecessors, given the general conditions in which the elections will take place, as well as the rules governing the electoral affairs.
He expected that the new climate would stimulate the youth and competencies to enter the political arena to reduce popular reluctance.
For his part, the head of the New Algeria party, Jamal Ben Abdelsalam, considered the election law the first correct steps to move forward towards building a new Algeria.
He told Algerian Radio that his party expects a lot from the law to reform political life, in order to reach transparent elections, increase the participation rate, and ensure equal opportunities between the parties competing for the elected councils.
Watch out carefully
On the other hand, the Peace Society Movement affirmed that the legislative development of the electoral process is considered an asset on the road to democracy, albeit out of legal authority.
But the crisis, in her assessment, “remains in the mentalities, practices and behaviors, as it is linked to the dilemma of the thieves of powers and voices and not the weakness of texts.”
Its official for the media, Nasser Hammadoush, believes that the supreme political will is the guarantor of the credibility and transparency of the electoral process, and polling day will be the practical test of power.
In a statement to Al-Jazeera Net, he charged the political system with passing the law by a presidential order, which makes it responsible for the actual success of these options.
However, it revealed the readiness of the movement to participate in the upcoming elections, regardless of the electoral style.
As for the Socialist Forces Front, the oldest opposition party in Algeria, it preceded the event by stressing the need to reach “a political solution that passes through a comprehensive dialogue, as it is the only possible and realistic way.”
And it revealed, in a statement on Saturday, that the National Council of the party “will discuss and take its position on the elections, after announcing their date.”
In his reading of the event, Bouhnia Quwi, Dean of the Faculty of Law at the University of Ouargla, made several fundamental observations in his assessment of the outcomes of the Council of Ministers.
Regarding the passage of the new election law, he said that the matter reflects the president’s perception that it should be issued by the executive authority directly, represented by the presidency as it holds popular legitimacy, instead of the previous parliament whose integrity was challenged by Tebboune himself several times.
He believes that giving the law a central role for university youth is extremely important within the current context, “given the reality of higher education in Algeria, which imposes the consecration of the status of this segment.”
In this regard, he appreciated the call to reform political life and empower civil society, but warned that the latter would lose its luster and authority if it was unequally supported by the authority financially.
And he stressed that his strength lies in his freedom from the government and opening the way for him without restrictions that depend on his independence, in reference to his fear of the repercussions of official funding.
On the other hand, Bouhnieh considered in a statement to Al-Jazeera Net that the reversal of the women’s quota system is a correct decision, in his opinion, because this system – according to his opinion – produced quantity at the expense of gender in the two previous periods since 2012, not to mention that “positive discrimination” for women is unconstitutional, This led to the domination of presidential legislation in light of the neutralization of Parliament.
And he expected the proportional lists to give a valuable opportunity to new actors, who will form a different political scene, intersecting with the 2020 constitution, and in harmony with the vision of the President of the Republic in talking about a presidential majority, and this is the point of the Persians, as he put it.