Two months ago, the 30th anniversary of the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait passed, in a historic milestone that struck the Arab nation with great disappointment and shock, the effects of which are still engraved in the memory of many until this moment. The late Emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, played a major role in mobilizing Arab and international diplomatic support in the interest of supporting and supporting legitimacy Kuwaiti.
The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait began at dawn on August 2, 1990, when the Kuwaitis woke up to the roar of tanks and planes that began bombing their country.
On that morning, Iraqi Republican Guard divisions, breaking through the international borders, advanced towards Kuwait City, and armored vehicles penetrated deep into Kuwait, and took control of major centers throughout the country, including the capital.
Members of the Iraqi army also took control of the Kuwaiti Radio and Television building, and arrested thousands of civilians, in addition to large numbers of foreigners, who were in the country at that time to be used as hostages at a later time.
Immediately, all Kuwaitis declared their rejection of the Iraqi invasion, which was led by the regime of the late Iraqi President Saddam Hussein, and the Kuwaiti people united behind their leadership to defend their land and sovereignty by all diplomatic and military means available.
Kuwaiti officials, led by the late Emir of the country at the time Sheikh Jaber Al-Ahmad and his crown prince, the late Sheikh Saad Al-Abdullah, and the late Emir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, who was then deputy prime minister and minister of foreign affairs, played a pivotal role in mobilizing official Arab support Al-Shaabi, who later had the final say in gaining the absolute support of the international community to liberate Kuwait from the Iraqi invasion.
Soon, Sheikh Sabah’s efforts were forcefully translated on the ground, as he was able to obtain the condemnation of the leaders of the international community for the crime of the former Iraqi regime against his country.
The United Nations Security Council quickly and successively issued a series of decisive decisions, starting with Resolution 660, which demanded the Iraqi regime forces to withdraw immediately from Kuwait, followed by a package of other equally important decisions issued by the Council under Chapter Seven, which stipulates the use of force to ensure the implementation of decisions. International.
Thus, the efforts of the late Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad succeeded in mobilizing Arab and international diplomatic support in the interest of supporting and backing Kuwaiti legitimacy, based on long diplomatic experience accumulated over many years that began from the moment he took over the Foreign Ministry portfolio in 1963, and his success in documenting and strengthening his country’s relations with the United Nations and all its institutions And its member states.
Despite the demands of many Arab and regional countries for the former Iraqi regime to withdraw immediately from Kuwait to avoid the worst; However, the Saddam Hussein regime, whose forces inflicted tremendous damage on the various civilian and vital Kuwaiti installations and institutions, refused to respond to these demands, and insisted on moving forward and continuing the invasion of Kuwait until an international coalition was formed that changed the military equation on the ground in a short period of time.
In the war to liberate Kuwait, which was later known as the Second Gulf War, the international coalition forces included about 34 Arab and foreign countries led by the United States of America, and the number of these forces reached more than 95 thousand fighters, half of them from the United States of America alone, and the coalition forces lost during this war More than 500 soldiers.
On the dawn of January 16, 1991, one day after the end of the deadline previously granted by the UN Security Council for Iraq to withdraw its forces from Kuwait, the coalition forces launched an intense and widespread air campaign over the entire Iraqi territory, followed by a ground attack. Crushing weakened the capabilities of the Iraqi army
On February 26, 1991, the Iraqi army forces began to withdraw from Kuwait, after it pursued the scorched-earth policy, as it took the initiative to burn more than 750 oil wells in addition to setting trenches, which it filled with oil and mines to be a separating boundary between it and the international coalition forces. .
After many years of estrangement, the two countries opened a new page in the history of bilateral relations on the basis of consolidating the principle of good neighborliness and common interests, with the aim of closing the problems of the past by adopting coordination and consultation between the leadership of the two sides.
Kuwait’s foreign policy towards Iraq even before 2003, the date of the American occupation of Baghdad, was marked by two important points: They are that the former Iraqi regime cannot be trusted and dealt with, and that the Iraqi people are defeated and are victims of the ruling regime.
Even during the period of Saddam Hussein’s invasion of Kuwait, the late Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad was quoted at that time as saying, “We differentiate well between the Iraqi regime and the Iraqi people, and we can absolutely not hear about a brotherly people who are subjected to hunger and poverty.” Tahrir by sending aid, especially for the displaced from the north and south.
His famous quote on August 4, 1998, which came in response to Iraqi allegations that Kuwait was behind the continuation of international sanctions on the Baghdad government, was also the largest and decisive evidence of the Kuwaiti position, as he said, “We are not a superpower until we impose on the Security Council that Lifting the sanctions or keeping them on Iraq, “affirming that the Iraqis who are on the land of Kuwait live there with appreciation and respect.
After the US occupation of Iraq in 2003, Kuwait quickly extended a hand of aid and relief to the refugees in this country, as Kuwait is to this day one of the largest donors in this regard.
On more than one occasion, Kuwait donated funds to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to support its operations in assisting Iraqi refugees, in order to alleviate their suffering and secure their needs of food, shelter, health and education.
The late Emir of Kuwait, Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad, crowned the steps of rapprochement with Iraq in the work of the Arab summit, which was held in Baghdad in 2012, and the visit was the first of its kind since Baghdad’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990.
In his speech before the work of the Arab summit, the late Emir of Kuwait said, “I feel happy since I set foot on the land of friendly Iraq, after having obtained its freedom, dignity and democracy after a dark era,” adding that Iraq’s hosting of the summit is “an additional advantage for the Arab world as a whole.”
In 2014, Kuwait hosted a conference of donor countries for the reconstruction of Iraq, and the pledges of the countries participating in the conference amounted to 30 billion dollars in the form of loans, credit facilities and investments made to Iraq in order to rebuild what the war destroyed.